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Al-Ghazali: A Return to Purity in Creed

Al-Ghazali, Abdullah bin Hamid Ali (tr.)




Iljam al-'Awamm 'an 'Ilm Al-Kalam


Largely debated between speculative theologians (mutakallimun) and traditionalists (ahl al-hadith) for centuries, speculative theology (Kalam) and figurative interpretation (ta’wil) remain a very lively source of contention among Muslims today. Traditionalists have remained loyal in their  opposition to rational pursuits in theology and claim the mantle of orthodoxy in creed. The speculative theologians, while having strong rational and scriptural support for their views, still struggle to convince a considerable sector of the Muslim populace that their understanding is not a departure from the creed of the pious forbears (salaf).


“This is a fluid and accessible translation of an important work on Islamic beliefs that clearly presents how a believer should strive to understand the Divine Attributes.” - Shaykh Faraz Rabbani





The Creed of the Salaf regarding Allegorical Reports


The First Protocol: Exoneration (Taqdis)


The Second Protocol: Faith and Affirmation (Tasdiq)


The Third Protocol: Acknowledging One’s Inability (al-‘Itiraf bi al-‘Ajz)


The Fourth Protocol: Maintaining Silence about Asking (Sukut)


The Fifth Protocol: Abstaining from Meddling with the Stated Words


The Sixth Protocol: Restraining after Abstaining (al-Kaff)


The Seventh Protocol: Yielding to the People of Knowledge (al-Taslim li Ahlihi)


Establishing the Comprehensive Proof That The Truth is the Madhhab of the Salaf

1. The Rational Proof

2. The Second Manner: The Scriptural Proof


Scattered Sections and Useful Chapters Related to This Craft

Section 1: The Place and Importance of Contexts (Qara’in)

Section 2: Why Not Asking Is Important

Section 3: The Matter of the Beginningless Nature of Faith (Iman)

Section 4: The Levels of Affirmation

Section 5: Why the Means to Firm Faith Is Of Little Importance