Atatürk: Father of the Republic of Turkey
George W. Gawrych
Hardback, 296 pages
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was one of the most significant political leaders of the twentieth century. He rose from obscure origins to become the founder of the new Republic of Turkey out of the ashes of the Ottoman Empire and go on to radically transform Turkish society. How should one understand Atatürk and his legacy?
In this book, George Gawrych studies Atatürk's career in detail, showing how Atatürk married the traits of the classic military man-of-action with those of the intellectual, theorist and pragmatist as a statesman. Gawrych places Atatürk in the context of his times to reveal how he harnessed wider forces to set Turkey on a path of secular nationalism and comprehensive modernization. His legacy can be seen everywhere in Turkey today, from the role and rights of women in society to the struggle for developing a democracy in the Republic. Gawrych addresses the costs of Atatürk's policies, including the suppression of minorities and the imposition of a cult of personality and authoritarian rule in the name of 'Turkification'. The book presents a nuanced analysis of a complex figure who consciously created a living legacy that still casts a shadow over Turkey's political and intellectual discourse.
1. Making of an Ottoman General
2. Balancing the Art of Statesmanship and Commander-in-Chief
3. Founding the Republic
4. Consolidating Political Power
5. Constructing a Turkish Identity and Nation
6. Institutionalizing Laicism
7. Enlightening the People
8. Emancipating Women
9. Fostering Economic Growth and Health
10.Securing a Place in the World
11.Appreciating Atatürk and the Republic