The secret gift of reading is time.

Princeton University Press

Before and After Muhammad: The First Millennium Refocused

Garth Fowden






1 Including Islam

2 Time: Beyond Late Antiquity

3 A New Periodization: The First Millennium

4 Space: An Eastward Shift

5 Exegetical Cultures 1: Aristotelianism

6 Exegetical Cultures 2: Law and Religion

7 Viewpoints Around 1000: Tus, Basra, Baghdad, Pisa