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Creed of Imam Bayhaqi

Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi




This Sunni treatise is, as the author describes, ‘a work on the subject of what the morally responsible needs to know concerning the foundations of knowledge and its derivatives… along with pointing out some of its evidences in a concise manner’. This work covers essential tenets of faith concerning Allah (swt), His Messenger (saw), the beatific vision of Allah in the Hereafter, predetermination, the natural predisposition to Islam, His angels and Books, the punishment in the grave, the Resurrection, Paradise and Hell, the law of obeying rulers, miracles of the saints, the Companions, the Prophet’s family and the caliphates of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali (rad.).




1. The First Obligation to be Known and Approved

2. The Occurrence of the Cosmos

3. Allah’s Names and Attributes

4. The Meanings of Allah’s Names

5. Essential Attributes and Active Attributes

6. Other Essential Attributes

7. Attributes Additional to the Essence that Subsist in It

8. The Face, the Hands and the Eyes

9. The Attribute of Action

10. The Qur’an

11. Allah’s Ascension

12. The Beatific Vision

13. Predetermination

14. The Creation of Actions

15. Guidance and Misguidance

16. On Actions being by Allah’s Will

17. On Children being born with a Natural Predisposition to Islam

18. Lifespan and Provision

19. On Faith

20. On the Perpetrators of Major Sins

21. The Intercession

22. Faith in Allah’s Angels, Books and Messengers, the Resurrection, the Reckoning, the Scale, Paradise, the Fire, the Basin and the Signs of the Hour

23. The Punishment of the Grave

24. Adhering to the Sunnah and Avoiding Innovation

25. The Prohibition of Associating with the People of Innovation

26. The Responsibility of the Ruler

27. Obeying the Rulers and Adhering to the Group

28. A Summary of Various Obligations 

29. The Prophet Muhammad s.a.w

30. The Miracles of Saints

31. The Companions

32. The Prophet’s Family 

33. The Ten Promised Paradise

34. The Caliphs

35. The Caliphate of Abu Bakr

36. The Unanimous Allegiance to Abu Bakr

37. The Caliphate of ‘Umar

38. The Caliphate of ‘Uthman 

39. The Caliphate of ‘Ali



The Summation of the Creed