Reading is transformation

I.B. Tauris

Freemasonry in the Ottoman Empire

Dorothe Sommer




A History of the Fraternity and its Influence in Syria and the Levant



1: The Ottoman Empire in the Late Nineteenth Century

2: Masonic Principles Challenged

3: Masonic Grand Bodies

4: Freemasonry in Beirut

5: Freemasonry on Mount Lebanon

6: Freemasonry in Tripoli and El Mina