God and Logic in Islam: the Caliphate of Reason
Paperback, 228 pages
This book investigates the central role of reason in Islamic intellectual life. Despite widespread characterization of Islam as a system of belief based only on revelation, John Walbridge argues that rational methods, not fundamentalism, have characterized Islamic law, philosophy and education since the medieval period. His research demonstrates that this medieval Islamic rational tradition was opposed by both modernists and fundamentalists, resulting in a general collapse of traditional Islamic intellectual life and its replacement by more modern but far shallower forms of thought. However, the resources of this Islamic scholarly tradition remain an integral part of the Islamic intellectual tradition and will prove vital to its revival. The future of Islam, Walbridge argues, will be marked by a return to rationalism.
Part I. The Formation of the Islamic Tradition of Reason:
2. The diversity of reason
3. Empirical knowledge of the mind of God
4. The failure of the Fārābian synthesis of religion and philosophy
5. Mysticism, post-classical Islamic philosophy, and the rise and fall of Islamic science
Part II. Logic, Education, and Doubt:
6. Where is Islamic logic?: the triumph of scholastic rationalism in Islamic education
7. The long afternoon of Islamic logic
8. The institutionalization of disagreement
Part III. The Fall and the Future of Islamic Rationalism:
9. The decline and fall of scholastic reason in Islam
10. A chaos of certitudes: the future of Islamic reason.